Health Benefits of Green Peas
Peas are small round shaped vegetables. They have vibrant green color and add freshness to various cuisines. Peas can be consumed raw, boiled or steamed. Varieties of soups and salads use this vegetable to lend a sweet taste. In Asian countries, it is even used as a snack where peas are roasted and salted. Many curries and vegetables are prepared where peas serve as a key ingredient. Peas along with potato and cottage cheese are quite famous culinary dishes in India. The best thing about peas is that it can be canned or frozen and thus are available round the year. Let’s have a look at the nutritional and health benefits of green peas.
Nutritional Benefits of Peas
Peas are highly nutritious food. They provide around 80 calories for 100 grams of consumption. Peas are a source of carbohydrates and dietary fibre. They are rich in Vitamin-A and Vitamin-B. Other vitamins like Vitamin-C, Vitamin-E and Vitamin-K are also present in it. Minerals like zinc, calcium, magnesium, potassium and iron are also found in peas.
Peas for Heart
Green peas are rich in phytonutrients namely Saponins, phenolic acid and flavanols which are beneficial for heart. Flavanols are anti-inflammatory substance and help in preventing blood clots. Blood clots are the major reason for heart attacks and strokes. They also help in preventing plaque formation in the arteries. Even homocysteine is reduced by its consumption due to the presence of folates, Vitamin-B1, Vitamin-B2, Vitamin-B3 and Vitamin-B6. Niacin is present in green peas which help in lowering the level of LDL cholesterol and triglyceride. It also contains omega-3 in the form of alpha linolenic acid which is heart friendly.
Peas Benefit for Diabetics
Peas are low in glycaemic index level and thus can be consumed by diabetics. Peas are rich in antioxidants like Vitamin-E and contains pisumsaponins 1 and 2 and pisomosides A, which have anti-inflammatory properties. Various oxidative stresses can be curbed by its consumption and type-2 diabetes can be reduced by it. It also contains minerals like zinc and magnesium which can lower the risk of it.
Green Peas prevent Cancer
Peas are rich in antioxidants which inhibit the onset of cancer and restrict carcinogenic cells. They contain polyphenol coumestrol which are known to reduce the chances of stomach cancer. Various antioxidants like carotenes, lutein and zeaxanthin and compounds like lectin, beta-sitosterol, benzoic acid, cinnamic acid and flavonol glycosides are known to prevent prostate and breast cancer.
Green Peas for Skin
Vitamin-C is found in a good amount in green peas. It is a natural antioxidant which can help prevent infectious microbial and helps in scavenging harmful free radicals. Flavonoids, carotenoid, phenolic acids and polyphenols are some of the antioxidants present in green peas. They can be really beneficial for skin. Wrinkles and aging process can be delayed by its consumption.
Peas helps in Digestion
Peas are high in fibre which helps in preventing constipation. Insoluble fibre binds with the bile and flushes it out from digestive system. Irritable bowel movement can be reduced by its consumption.
Other Health Benefits of Green Peas
- Green peas are rich in Vitamin-K which helps in the absorption of calcium. It also contains folic acid and vitamin-b1 which can reduce the chances of osteoporosis.
- Peas are rich in folates, which can be helpful in reducing depression. Low intake of folates can result in melancholic depressive symptoms.
- It is rich in iron and can prevent anaemia, by increasing the level of red blood cells in the blood.
- Peas can be consumed by people who want to lose weight. It contains low amount of calories and are rich in dietary fibre. It can keep a person sated for a long time and can provide lots of nutrients.
- Packed with antioxidants and vitamins like flavonoids, carotenoids, polyphenols, vitamin-a, vitamin-c and omega-3, green peas can help in strengthening the immune system.