Health Benefits of Broccoli
Broccoli belongs to the cabbage family and is known as one of the most nutritious vegetables. It is usually eaten raw in salads and boiled or steamed for preparing stew or various curries. Various types of broccoli are present which have unique flavour, colour, shape and size. It brings freshness and unique aroma to the cuisine along with numerous health benefits. Let us have a look at the various nutritional and health benefits of broccoli.
Nutritional Health Benefits of Broccoli
Broccoli is a very rich source of Vitamin-C and dietary fibre. It also provides beta-carotene and protein. Various minerals like magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc are present in it. Broccoli is very low in calories and provides only 35 calories for 100 gram of its serving.
Health Benefits of Broccoli – Anti-Cancerous Properties
Broccoli is a source of glucoraphanin which gets converted into sulforaphane. Broccoli is recommended to be eaten raw otherwise the sulforaphane level decreases while processing it. It also contains selenium and diindolylmethane which exhibits anti-cancer properties and restrict the growth of cancer cells. Another compound found in broccoli is indole-3-carbinol which helps in repairing DNA in the cells and restricts cancer cells. Colon cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer can be prevented by its consumption.
Broccoli reduces Blood Pressure
Broccoli is an excellent source of magnesium and calcium which helps in regulating the blood pressure. It contains glucoraphanin which increases the antioxidant properties of the tissues in the body. It also has anti-inflammatory properties and relaxes the heart muscles and arteries.
Health Benefits of Broccoli – Protects Cardiovascular Muscle
Broccoli is very rich in dietary fibre which helps in lowering cholesterol level in the body. It has anti-inflammatory property due to the presence of sulphoraphane that helps in reducing damage to blood vessel lining. Broccoli also contains the anti-oxidant beta-carotene which helps in restricting cellular damage in the cardiovascular muscles.
Broccoli is rich in Vitamin-C and antioxidants. These compounds help in preventing aging, wrinkles and pigments in the skin. Anti-oxidants help prevent free radicals formation that can cause skin related problems and cancer. Glucoraphanin is present in broccoli that protects from sun damage and helps the skin repair itself. Glucoraphanin, gluconasturtiin and glucobrassicin helps in detoxifying the body. It contains various anti-oxidants like carotene and traces of minerals which help in strengthening immunity.
Health Benefits of Broccoli – Protects Eye
Broccoli is a source of carotenoids. It is rich in lutein and zeaxanthin. These antioxidants are present in the macula of the eyes and help in preventing age-related macular degeneration.
Broccoli aids in Digestion
High source of dietary fibre makes broccoli beneficial in digestion. It helps in maintaining efficient bowel movement and curbs overeating. Isothiocyanates are phytonutrients present in broccoli which help in protecting the stomach lining and prevents bacterial growth in the stomach wall.
Other Health Benefits of Broccoli
- Broccoli contains Calcium and Vitamin-K which strengthens bone and prevents osteoporosis.
- Potassium in broccoli helps in maintaining a healthy nervous system and makes the brain function efficient and active.
- It has alkaline nature and can help in neutralizing the acidity in the body.
- Source of flavanoid makes broccoli an anti-inflammatory agent and helps in reducing allergies and skin damages.