Health Benefits of Bitter Gourd
Bitter gourd is a green colored vegetable. As the name suggests, it is known for its bitter and distinct taste. Bitter gourd is found in variety of shapes and sizes. It is used in various cuisines. And it is a powerhouse of health benefits. Let us have a look at the health benefits of bitter gourd.
Nutritional Value of Bitter Gourd
Bitter gourd provides low amount of energy. It is a great food which can be added in the diet of all the health conscious people. It provides with only around 20 calories for 100 grams. It contains mainly water, dietary fibres and minerals.
Health Benefits of Bitter Gourd – Reduces Diabetes
Bitter gourd is the wonder food for all diabetic patients. It significantly reduces the sugar level in the blood. It contains a substance called charantin which has hypoglycaemic effect on diabetic patients. Bitter gourd also increases the insulin sensitivity in the body. They contain lectin that acts like insulin and reduces glucose quantity by acting on various peripheral tissues. It has been found that bitter gourd activates APMK that regulates the glucose uptake.
Bitter Gourd protects Heart
Bitter gourd helps in the reduction of blood pressure. It is rich in potassium which helps in the absorption of sodium in the body. Bitter gourd is rich in folates which help in decreasing the occurrence of heart strokes. Folates also eliminate homocysteine that can damage the arteries. It can significantly reduce LDL cholesterol and triglyceride in the blood. It has been found that it lowers down the NF-KB inflammatory pathway.
Health Benefits of Bitter Gourd – Nourishes Skin
Bitter gourd is very helpful for skin. It helps in purifying the blood which helps in providing shine and glow to the skin. Various skin related problems like acne, boils and pimples can be reduced by its consumption. It aids in digestion and detoxifies the body. It can be used to reduce various skin infections, eczema and psoriasis.
Bitter Gourd helps in reducing Weight
Bitter gourd can be very helpful in reducing the body weight of a person. It provides very less amount of calories. Consumption of bitter gourd is also filling as it contains mainly water. Dietary fibre in bitter gourd gets slowly digested in the intestines making a person feel less hungry. It provides a variety of nutrients; so a person need not worry about getting nutrient deficit while dieting.
Bitter Gourd Benefits – Good for Eyes
Bitter gourd is a source of beta-carotene. They help in the protection of eyes. Beta carotene gets converted into Vitamin-A which helps in the protection of retina of the eye. They also help in preventing the free radicals from damaging the eye.
Health Benefits of Bitter Gourd – Anti-Cancerous
Bitter gourd is helpful in restricting the growth of cancer cells. Bitter gourd contains alpha-eleostearic acid which helps in killing the cancerous cells. It has been found to be helpful against breast cancer as it significantly decreases proliferation.
Bitter Gourd decreases Respiratory Diseases
Consumption of bitter gourd juice is helpful against many diseases like asthma and bronchitis. Bitter gourd juice is taken with honey and water to cure these ailments.
Other Health Benefits Of Bitter Gourd
- Bitter gourd has been found to be effective against HIV infection.
- Bitter gourd is anti-malarial, anti-viral and anti-helmintic.
- High dietary fibre and cellulose helps in preventing constipation and piles. Bitter gourd leaves can be consumed to curb cholera and diarrhoea.
- Bitter gourd juice is helpful in detoxifying the liver and makes it more efficient
- Bitter gourd is known to increase the immunity as it provides with a lot of minerals and is also anti-microbial. It makes the body resistant to many infections.
- Vitamins like thiamine, riboflavin helps in reducing memory losses and diseases like Alzheimer’s.