Health Benefits of Banana
Banana can be considered the most consumed fruit in the world. Banana is a part of herbaceous flowering plant family. Various colors and sizes of banana are produced. Though sweet and soft in nature, variety of flavors are found depending on the region of production. Cavendish bananas which are bright yellow in color are the most popular ones. Banana tastes best when ripe, although unripe banana is also used for cooking. Various pies, cakes and ice-creams are produced using banana. Even the leaves, trunk and flower of banana are consumed. Let us have a look at the various nutritional and health benefits of banana.
Nutritional Benefits of Banana
Banana is known for providing instant energy. It provides 90 calories for 100 gram of its consumption. It is a major source of carbohydrates and sugar. Banana is also rich in dietary fibre and contains a little amount of fat and protein. Various vitamins like Vitamin-A, Vitamin-C and Vitamin-B are present in this fruit. Banana is also mineral-rich. Iron, magnesium, potassium, manganese, zinc and fluoride are a few minerals found in banana.
Banana lowers Blood Pressure
Bananas are a major source of potassium which is known to lower blood pressure. It helps in counterbalancing the effects of sodium in the body. Potassium content in banana is 500 mg whereas it contains only 1 mg of sodium. Potassium helps in controlling the amount of fluid in the body and also helps in maintaining the delicate balance between sodium and potassium.
Bananas enhances Digestion
Bananas are known for their high amount of dietary fibre. These dietary fibres help in binding and accumulating the food particles and aids in efficient bowel movement. Intestinal tracts can be easily cleared and constipation can be kept at bay. It is even beneficial during diarrhoea as it helps in maintaining the electrolyte balance in the body and also provides adequate amount of potassium. It is easy to digest and the carbohydrates in it can be easily broken unlike complex starch foods.
Bananas are rich in fructooligosaccharides which are prebiotics thus help in maintaining the friendly bacteria in the digestive tracts. These bacteria help in promoting the digestion and improve the health of gut.
Health Benefits of Banana – Strengthen Bones
Bananas help in making bones strong and improve the bone density in the body. They contain fructooligosaccharides which help in absorbing essential nutrients like calcium and magnesium. Green bananas contain plantains which have short chain fatty acids which makes banana even more beneficial in improving the bone health.
Bananas improve Eyesight
Vision can be improved by consuming bananas. It contains alpha and beta carotene and Vitamin-A which help in protecting the retina of the eye. Age related macular degeneration can be prevented by its consumption.
Banana reduces Stress and Depression
Potassium is known to be a stress buster mineral. Bananas also contain tryptophan which gets converted into serotonin. Serotonin acts as a relaxant and thus relaxes a person’s mind and enhances mood.
Other Health Benefits Of Banana
- Bananas are helpful in maintaining weight and must be consumed by health conscious person. It is low in calories and has low glycaemic index. It keeps a person sated as it is high in dietary fibre.
- Anaemia can be prevented by its consumption. It is high in iron which helps in the production of haemoglobin.
- Bananas are known to combat morning sickness and nausea.
- Bananas are aphrodisiac and contain chelating minerals and bromelain enzyme.