Dandruff is a condition in which the scalp sheds dry skin causing itchiness and irritation. This problem is very prevalent in the age group 18-30 and is known to affect every second person. It has been found that dandruff increases during winters mainly because the skin becomes drier. Some of the causes of dandruff are dry skin, improper diet, harsh hair products, too much shampooing, harsh scrubbing, bacterial and fungal infections, eczema or psoriasis.
Dandruff can become embarrassing if not treated quickly as it indicates lack of hygiene. Also there is no cure for dandruff and only good care can help in avoiding it. So, we are here to discuss some effective dandruff remedies.
Quite often dandruff gets tangled in hair. It becomes a daunting task to remove it only by washing. Aspirin tablets are rich in salicylic acid which help in loosening the flakes from hair. Crush 2-3 tablets of aspirin and mix it with shampoo. Massage the mixture thoroughly on the scalp for 5 mins and rinse. This will help in removing dandruff.
Anti-dandruff shampoos are a good option to prevent dandruff. They are rich in Zinc pyrithione. One of the causes as said earlier for dandruff is malassezia fungi. Zinc pyrithione helps in killing this pathogen and combats dandruff. Selenium sulfide and Ketoconazole are other chemical compounds found in shampoos. They can slow down the process of skin drying and also kill dandruff causing fungus. These are recommended for people with light colored hair as they can discolor your hair. Coal tar rich shampoos are also available which can remove dry skin from the scalp and also slow down its growth. Apply anti-dandruff shampoo and massage for 5 minutes. Rinse it off and apply a conditioner to prevent the scalp from drying. Wash your hair with shampoo for 2-3 days a week.
Lemon juice as dandruff remedy
Lemon juice is anti-inflammatory and is loaded with anti-oxidants. Squeeze lemon juice and apply over your scalp. Gently massage for 10 mins and keep it for 20 mins. Rinse it off to see dandruff free hair.
Olive oil for dandruff treatment
Olive oil, amla oil or coconut oil highly nourish the scalp. They prevent the scalp from drying. Dandruff due to dry skin is the most common cause. So, keep massaging your head with these oils to prevent it. Don’t use it if you have oily hair.
Eggs are highly beneficial for hair health. Mix 2 eggs thoroughly and apply it on your scalp and hair. Keep it for 20-30 minutes and wash your hair with a shampoo. It will nourish your hair and prevent dandruff.
Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar has anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties. It is also rich in alpha-hydroxy acid which can help in removing the dead cells. Pour 2 teaspoon of apple cider vinegar and mix it with lukewarm water. Massage with the solution for 10 mins and keep it for 30-45 mins. Rinse it off. Repeat it once a week.
Dandruff remedies – Fenugreek
Fenugreek seeds are highly nourishing for hair because of their protein and amino acids content. They can help in healthy growth of hair and prevent dandruff. Soak fenugreek seeds overnight. Take a bowl and put olive oil and the seeds. Heat them and make a paste. Apply the paste on your scalp and massage for 5 mins. Keep it for 30 mins and rinse it. Continue this at least twice a week for 2 months. You will notice significant improvement.
Neem leaves have anti-microbial properties and can ward off dandruff caused by fungus. Soak neem leaves in warm water. Make a paste of the leaves and apply it. Rinse it off after 15 minutes to combat dandruff.
Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil has excellent antiseptic properties. It can be directly applied on hair and massaged. Even shampoos rich in tea tree oil are present which you can use.
Proteolitic enzymes in aloe vera help in preventing dry dead skin. Also, amino acid in it promotes hair growth. You might apply aloe vera gel or the juice of fresh aloe vera on your scalp. Massage it properly and then apply shampoo. It will help in removing dandruff.
Mouth wash for hair
Mouth wash can be a good option to prevent dandruff. They are anti-microbial and can prohibit dandruff. Apply diluted mouth wash on your scalp and then wash it with shampoo.
Dandruff remedies – Baking soda
Applying baking soda is one age old home remedy to prevent dandruff. Wash your head with water then apply 2-3 teaspoon of baking soda. Massage it for 5-10 minutes and then rinse off. Do it twice a week. You will notice visible changes in 2-3 months.
Curd has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties which can assist in preventing dandruff. Take 2-3 spoons of curd and apply thoroughly on scalp. Leave it for 15 mins then rinse it off. It will help in keeping your scalp clean.
If the reason of persistent dandruff is oily hair then apply fuller earth or multani mitti. Make a paste of fuller earth by mixing it with water. Apply on your scalp and keep it for 20 minutes. Wash it off with water to notice oil free scalp and dandruff free hair.